João Luis Carrilho da Graça. Teatro e Auditório, Poitiers.

Estatutos

STATUTES

Article I – Aims and Activities
Article II – Individual Members
Article III – Benefactor Members
Article IV – Honorary Members
Article V – Structure
Article VI – Administration
Article VII – General Assembly
Article VIII – Administrative Council
Article IX – Executive Bureau
Article X – President
Article XI – Secretary-General and Deputy Secretary-General
Article XII – Treasurer and Deputy Treasurer
Article XIII – Vice-Presidents
Article XIV – International Members
Article XV – Regional Secretaries
Article XVI – Voting
Article XVII – Congress
Article XVIII – Resources
Article XIX – Financial Oversight
Article XX – Regulations
Article XXI – Reform of the Statutes

Statutes adopted by the General Assembly at Fort de France, Martinique, 16 November 2003

Article I. Aims and Activities

  1. The International Association of Art Critics (AICA = Association Internationale des Critiques d’Art) is an international, non-governmental association of art critics whose professional activity is criticism in all media, teaching, or curating exhibitions. Its function is to promote the understanding and critical interpretation of the visual arts, in all their histories and manifestations. Its Members are primarily concerned with the modern and contemporary arts of all cultures. The Association brings together art critics of all nations who wish to develop international cooperation and examine, and report on, the economic, political and social forces that shape art.
  2. Its aims are:
    1. to promote art criticism as a discipline and contribute to its methodology
    2. to promote the ethical and professional interests of its Members and co-operate in defending their rights
    3. to maintain an active international network for its Members, with the aid of available technologies and encouragement of face-to-face encounters
    4. to contribute to mutual understanding of visual arts and aesthetics in all cultures
    5. to stimulate professional relationships across political, geographical, ethnic, economic and religious boundaries
    6. to defend impartially freedom of expression and thought and oppose arbitrary censorship
  3. The Association may organise colloquia, lectures, seminars, discussions and other activities connected with the visual arts. It may also take the lead, in writing, translating, editing, filming, recording and publishing material. It may create temporary or permanent working groups and undertake surveys and research, either on its own initiative or in collaboration with other organisations whose aims are not incompatible with its own. Such activities are subject to the approval of the Administrative Council and the Executive Bureau.
  4. The Association’s programme of cultural activities is determined in outline by the General Assembly and reported on in detail by its officers and elected representatives, at meetings of the Administrative Council and the General Assembly.

Article II. Individual Members

  1. To become a Member of the Association, candidates need first to join either a National Section (see V.2, below) or the Free Section (see V.3, below). All applications must be accompanied by a short curriculum vitae on a standard biographical form, written in one of the three official languages of the Association. They must be supported by evidence of sustained activity over the previous three years, in one or more of the following areas:
    1. Daily/periodical press, or broadcasting on radio, TV or video, or in the electronic media
    2. Publication of works of art history, aesthetics or criticism
    3. Teaching of art criticism, art history, aesthetics, curating, or art, at higher or tertiary level
    4. Curatorial work and analysis for educational or scholarly ends, including the production of scholarly or critical texts for museums or galleries, whose principal aim is not essentially commercial
  2. On election to the National Section or the Free Section, Members are immediately entitled to a membership card and sticker for the current year. The card remains the property of the Association and must be surrendered, on request (see II.5 and II.8, below).
  3. After election to a National Section or the Free Section, the biographical forms of the newly elected Members are forwarded by the President of that Section or, in the case of the Free Section, by two sponsoring Members of the Administrative Council, to the Secretary-General. No other documents are required, at this second stage. The biographical forms then go forward for individual endorsement by majority vote at the next General Assembly (See II.7, II.8 and VII.6q), below and Regulations). The Assembly’s endorsement may not be withheld, other than for legal or procedural reasons. After endorsement, new Members acquire the right to vote at subsequent General Assemblies, provided that both they and their National Sections are up to date with their annual subscriptions. They also acquire right of access to all information stored on those parts of the Association’s Website which are reserved for the Membership only. Successful applications to National Sections or the Free Section must be in accordance with the criteria for eligibility set out in Article II.1, above. The Presidents of National Sections and, for the Free Section, the International President, are responsible for scrutinising applications closely, with this in mind.
  4. Newly elected Members start paying a regular annual fee to the Association from the beginning of the calendar year following that in which their election is endorsed by the General Assembly.
  5. Membership is forfeited:
    1. by resignation
    2. by non-payment of the membership fee for two years
    3. by expulsion at a General Assembly, if so recommended by the Administrative Council, on grounds of serious misconduct
  6. If an application for membership of a National Section is rejected by the Section, the applicant may seek review of the decision by that Section or apply to the Secretary-General for membership of the Free Section. In either instance, the National Section must provide the candidate with a written explanation of the grounds for rejection. If an application for membership of the Free Section is rejected by the Section, the applicant may seek review of the decision by that Section. The Free Section must provide the candidate with a written explanation of the grounds for rejection.~
  7. A candidate whose application is not formally endorsed by the Electoral and Membership Commission and the President of his/her Section must be given the reason for this, in writing, within twenty-four hours, by the Chair of that Commission (see Regulations).
  8. A candidate whose application is not formally endorsed by the General Assembly will be asked to return his or her membership card and sticker to the Headquarters office, in Paris.

Article III. Benefactor Members

From time to time, the Association may elect, usually for a fixed term, individual or corporate Benefactor Members who have contributed, or who intend to contribute, to the welfare or activities of the Association. Benefactor Members will be recommended by a simple majority of the voting Members present, or represented, at a session of the Administrative Council and presented to the Membership, for election at the next General Assembly. Benefactor Members receive a membership card and annual sticker and are invited to take part in the Congress, in relevant social functions and in the General Assembly, but have no voting rights.

Article IV. Honorary Members

National Sections may, at their discretion, invite individual Members of particular distinction to join the Association as, or hold the title of, Honorary Members. They must pay the annual subscriptions of their Honorary Members to the Paris Bureau, in return for which the Honorary Members will be accorded a membership card, annual sticker and full voting rights.

Article V. Structure

  1. On an administrative level the Association is composed of:
    1. The General Assembly (see VII, below)
    2. National Sections and a Free Section (see II, above)
    3. Regional Secretariats (optional) (see XV, below)
    4. The Administrative Council (see VIII, below)
    5. The Executive Bureau (see IX, below)
    6. Permanent and temporary Committees and Commissions (see XIX, below and Regulations)
    7. AICA‚Äôs Archive at the Archives de la critique d‚Äôart, Ch√Ęteaugiron, Brittany (see VIII.1 g)¬†and X.9, below)
  2. The National Sections write their own Statutes. These need not be identical to the Statutes of AICA, but should not conflict with them, nor with the laws and customs of the Sections’ respective countries. They are subject to approval by the Administrative Council.
  3. The Free Section is composed of Members who, for valid reasons acceptable to the Administrative Council, do not wish, or are unable, to join one of the National Sections. The Board of the Free Section is made up of the International President of the Association, the Secretary-General and the Treasurer, ex officio. The Statutes and Regulations of the Free Section are subject to the same conditions and constraints as those of the International AICA.
  4. The official languages of the Association are English, French and Spanish.
  5. The Headquarters of the Association is in Paris, as AICA is a Non-Governmental Organisation, recognised by UNESCO. A change of location may be agreed, only if three quarters of the total Membership vote in favour of a formal motion to this effect, in accordance with the procedures in operation for the election of the International President (see X, below and Regulations), or if three quarters of those attending the General Assembly vote for such a motion on two successive occasions. In these circumstances, the Association shall take such steps as are necessary, and appropriate, to obtain such privileges and benefits as may be available under the laws of the country in which the new AICA Headquarters is to be located.
  6. AICA may be dissolved by the General Assembly, if three quarters of the total Membership vote in favour of a formal motion to this effect, in accordance with the procedures in operation for the election of the International President (see Regulations), or if three quarters of those attending the General Assembly vote for such a motion on two successive occasions.
  7. In the eventuality of AICA being dissolved, its assets should be transferred to an organisation with aims similar to its own.

Article VI. Administration

  1. The Association organises a General Assembly every year.
  2. The Association is administered by the Administrative Council and the Executive Bureau.

Article VII. General Assembly

  1. The General Assembly is the supreme policy-making body of AICA.
  2. It is composed of the sum total of the Association’s Membership, comprising Members who are up to date with their subscriptions, and Benefactor Members, without voting rights and Honorary Members. Only paid-up, and endorsed, Members, whose Sections are paid up for the current year, and Honorary Members, whose Sections are up to date with their subscriptions, are entitled to vote.
  3. At the beginning of the Annual Congress, the Secretary-General and the Treasurer make available to the Electoral and Membership Commission, and to all enquirers, the details of those Members in National Sections or in the Free Section who are paid up and entitled to vote.
  4. The Assembly, acting on the advice of the Administrative Council, has the power to decide on the creation and expulsion of National Sections (see Regulations).
  5. In exceptional circumstances, where a National Section has fallen in arrears with its payments, an individual Member may be permitted to pay his/her annual subscription direct to the Treasurer and to negotiate temporary voting and other rights with the Chair of the Electoral and Membership Commission.
  6. Relying on the support of the Administrative Council, and working to its recommendations, the General Assembly’s functions are:
    1. to approve, and vote on, the minutes of the previous General Assembly
    2. to receive, approve, and vote on, reports from the members of the Executive Bureau on the organisational and financial management of the Association
    3. to approve, and vote on, the accounts of the previous year, the budget for the current year and the draft budget for the following year
    4. to decide any adjustment to membership fees that may be required for the following year
    5. to consider, and decide on, matters on the agenda presented by the Administrative Council and the Executive Bureau
    6. to approve the programme for AICA for the following year
    7. to adopt such resolutions as it considers appropriate, in relation to all matters which are of relevance to the professional concerns of its Members
    8. to give such direction to the Administrative Council and the Executive Bureau as it considers necessary, for the Association to function effectively
    9. to determine on a preliminary basis the time and place of the next General Assembly and Congress, and the theme of the Congress
    10. to adopt and amend, as necessary, its own Statutes and Regulations
    11. to elect the President, nine Vice-Presidents, Secretary-General, Treasurer and ten International Members of the Administrative Council, and to ensure their renewal
    12. to elect the Regional Secretaries (if any) and ensure their renewal, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council
    13. to ratify the appointment of the Deputy Secretary-General and Deputy Treasurer (where applicable), on the recommendation of the Administrative Council
    14. to elect Honorary Presidents and, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council, endorse Benefactor Members
    15. to appoint members of Committees and Commissions, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council, and to ensure their renewal
    16. to receive reports from the National Sections and the Free Section
    17. to endorse or reject applications for Membership, on the advice of the Electoral and Membership Commission
    18. to warn, formally to reprimand or, in extreme circumstances, to expel National Sections or individual Members who are in breach of the Statutes and Regulations, or who stand accused of serious misconduct (see II.5 c), above and Regulations)
  7. The General Assembly takes place every year, on a date determined by the Administrative Council and notified to all Members not less than two months in advance. The Executive Bureau may alter the date and place of the General Assembly, in case of force majeure.
  8. An Extraordinary General Assembly may be convened at the request of at least five Sections, one of which may be the Free Section. At least two months’ calendar notice shall be given to Members of the date, time and place of the meeting. The Administrative Council may also convene an Extraordinary General Assembly, on the same conditions.
  9. 9. The General Assembly is presided over by the President or, in his absence, by a Vice-President designated by the Administrative Council. Its sessions are organised by the Secretary-General.
  10. The draft agenda for the General Assembly is established by the Executive Bureau, e-mailed or mailed to all National Sections and posted on the AICA Website, two months before the opening of the Assembly.
  11. The Board of the General Assembly is the same as that of the Administrative Council and of the Executive Bureau.
  12. Reports of the President, the Secretary-General and the Treasurer are communicated each year to all Members at the end of the financial year, which runs from 1 January to 31 December.

Article VIII. Administrative Council

  1. The Association is run by the Administrative Council, which is composed of:
    1. The President, Secretary-General and Treasurer
    2. The Presidents of the National Sections
    3. The nine Vice-Presidents
    4. The Regional Secretaries, if any
    5. Ten International Members, elected from the Membership at the General Assembly
    6. The Chairmen of Committees and Commissions set up by the General Assembly
    7. A representative of Archives de la critique d’art (see X.9, below), with voting rights for matters concerning the Archives only
    8. The Honorary Presidents and former International Presidents of the Association, without voting rights
    9. The former Vice-Presidents, without voting rights
  2. The Administrative Council determines the broad outline of AICA’s cultural agenda, for submission to the General Assembly.
  3. The Administrative Council studies, and approves, all matters concerning the organisation, management and cultural programme of the Association.
  4. The functions of the Administrative Council are, furthermore:
    1. to vote upon, and approve, the minutes of the previous Administrative Council meeting
    2. to receive, and to vote on, the reports from the members of the Executive Bureau on the organisational and financial management of the Association
    3. to receive, and approve, the audited accounts for the preceding year, the annual budget for the current year and the draft budget for the following year, presented by the Treasurer
    4. to nominate candidates for Committees and Commissions
    5. to recommend to the General Assembly the level of the membership fees for the following year
    6. to recommend Regional Secretaries (optional) to the General Assembly
    7. to elect Benefactor Members, for subsequent endorsement by the General Assembly
    8. where applicable, to appoint the Deputy Secretary-General and Deputy Treasurer, subject to ratification by the General Assembly
    9. to advise the Executive Bureau and the General Assembly on any matter relating to the policy, programme, procedures or finances of the Association
    10. to recommend the General Assembly to expel, formally to reprimand, or to warn National Sections or individual Members
  5. The Administrative Council meets at least once a year, normally at the time of the General Assembly and at any other time when it is convened by the President, or at the request of one quarter of its Members with voting rights in all matters. One quarter of its Members with voting rights in all matters must be present or represented, to make up a quorum.
  6. The Presidents of National Sections who are unable to attend a meeting of the Administrative Council may, in advance, and in writing, nominate one other Member of their Section to attend this meeting in their place and to vote, on that Section’s behalf.
  7. A Regional Secretary who is unable to attend a meeting of the Administrative Council may, in advance, and in writing, nominate one other Member from one of the Sections in the Region to attend this meeting in his or her place and to vote, on that Region’s behalf.
  8. Members of the Administrative Council may not receive any remuneration for their work on the Council.

Article IX. Executive Bureau

  1. The Executive Bureau of the Association consists of the President, the Secretary-General, the Treasurer and, where applicable, their Deputies. It meets at least once a year, and whenever the President deems it necessary. Minutes will be kept of all meetings and will be signed, as correct, by the President.
  2. Decisions on actions taken by the Executive Bureau between sessions of the General Assembly and the Administrative Council are subject to ratification by each, at the next available session.
  3. The members of the Executive Bureau are not remunerated for their work.

Article X. President

  1. All Members are eligible to stand for the Presidency, upon nomination by their National Section or by one other Section, in the event of their being unable to secure the nomination of their own Section, or if they belong to the Free Section. Election procedures are laid down in the Regulations.
  2. The President represents the Association.
  3. The President convenes and chairs the General Assembly and the meetings of the Administrative Council.
  4. The President may nominate one of the Vice-Presidents to act as his/her representative.
  5. If the President is seriously incapacitated for a period of more than four weeks, the Secretary-General will assume interim control of the Association’s affairs, until such time as the President is restored to his/her full capacity or until the Administrative Council resolves at one of its meetings, or by majority postal or electronic vote, in a secret ballot, either to elect an Acting President, from among the ranks of the nine Vice-Presidents, or to bring forward the date of the next Presidential elections. The term of office of an acting President shall not exceed the term of office of the elected President.
  6. The President oversees the expenses of the Association.
  7. The President may be assisted by a Consultative Committee of Members of his/her choice.
  8. The President is elected by the General Assembly for a period of three years and may be re-elected only once.
  9. The President may designate one member of the Administrative Council to represent the Association on the Board of the Archives de la critique d’art, in Rennes. In exchange for this, the President of Archives de la critique d’art may designate a representative of that institution to sit on the Administrative Council of AICA. The role of these two nominees is to look after the interests of their respective institutions, in all relevant negotiations and debates.

Article XI. Secretary-General and Deputy Secretary-General

  1. All paid-up Members are eligible for election to the post of Secretary-General. They must submit their candidature, with an outline programme, to the President, one month in advance of the General Assembly at which the election will be held.
  2. The Secretary-General is responsible for the overall administration of the Association and its activities. S/he is responsible for implementing the decisions of the General Assembly and the Administrative Council; for the internal operations of the administrative office of the Association, including the Website and updating of the Membership directory; for facilitating the work of all Committees and Commissions; for providing a service to the National Sections; for publishing regular information about the Association’s activities, worldwide; and for presenting reports on activity to the Administrative Council and the General Assembly. S/he may represent the Association on official occasions and in all official acts and legal affairs, at the request of the President.
  3. The Secretary-General is elected by the General Assembly for a period of four years and may be re-elected for a maximum of two further periods of four years, with or without a break.
  4. The General Assembly may ratify the appointment of a Deputy Secretary-General on the same terms, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council.
  5. Neither the Secretary-General nor the Deputy Secretary-General may be remunerated for the work s/he undertakes on behalf of the Association.

Article XII. Treasurer and Deputy Treasurer

  1. All paid-up Members are eligible to apply for the post of Treasurer. They must submit their candidature, with an outline programme, to the President, one month in advance of the General Assembly at which the election is to be held.
  2. The Treasurer is the Trustee of the Association’s finances. S/he controls the funds and is responsible for book-keeping and accounting. S/he assesses the financial situation of the Association. At each General Assembly, and at the Administrative Council preceding this, s/he presents the audited accounts for the preceding financial year from 1 January to 31 December, submits a budget for the current year, and proposes a budget for the following year.
  3. The Treasurer is elected for a term of four years and may be re-elected for one further term of four years, with or without a break, in between.
  4. The General Assembly may ratify the appointment of a Deputy Treasurer on the same terms, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council.
  5. Neither the Treasurer nor the Deputy Treasurer may be remunerated for the work s/he undertakes for the Association.

Article XIII. Vice-Presidents

  1. Nine Vice-Presidents are elected by the General Assembly for a period of three years. One third of them are replaced each year. A Vice-President leaving his/her post before the end of his/her term of office will not be replaced before the appointed date.
  2. All paid-up Members are entitled to present their candidature for one of the posts of Vice-President and must submit a written statement of the platform on which they wish to be elected to the President of the Association, one month in advance of the General Assembly.
  3. Vice-Presidents are elected by the General Assembly and may only be re-elected after a period of one year has elapsed since s/he last held the post.
  4. Vice-Presidents may only serve a total of four three-year terms, with or without more than the obligatory break of one year between each term.
  5. Vice-Presidents should submit to the Secretary-General an annual report on their activities, one month in advance of the General Assembly.

Article XIV. International Members

Ten International Members are elected from the Membership by the General Assembly on the grounds both of geographical balance and of the platform they present, as a basis for election.
The International Members are elected annually and may only be re-elected up to three more times, with or without breaks in between.

Article XV. Regional Secretaries

  1. 1. The Administrative Council may decide, on occasion, to set up a Regional Secretariat. The geographical divisions on which Regional Secretariats are based are subject to periodic review by the Administrative Council, reporting to the General Assembly.
  2. A Regional Secretary acts as liaison officer with all the National Sections in his/her Region. S/he is required to keep the Secretary-General informed of his/her Region’s activities, at regular intervals. S/he is elected for three years and may be re-elected only once.
  3. A Regional Secretary may not be remunerated for the work s/he undertakes for the Association.

Article XVI. Voting

  1. The decisions of the General Assembly and the Administrative Council require endorsement by an absolute majority of the Members who are present and eligible to vote, except as in Article X.5, above and in paragraph 3, below. The President’s vote is decisive, in case of a tie. A relative majority is admissible, in the cases of the election of Vice-Presidents and of International Members of the Administrative Council.
  2. Voting for the posts of President and Vice-President, Secretary-General, Treasurer and Regional Secretary, and for the ten elected International Members of the Administrative Council, is by secret ballot. Voting on all other issues not relating directly to individual Members of the Association will be on the basis of an absolute majority and may be carried out on a show of hands. Only Members who are up to date with their subscriptions have the right to vote.
  3. Each Member is allowed one vote, in each round of voting. Absentee voting is allowed only in the cases of the Presidential elections, a change in location of the Association’s Headquarters, or a resolution to dissolve the Association.

Article XVII. Congress

  1. The Association organises an annual Congress. At this, the location for the next Congress is chosen. If no decision is taken at the General Assembly, or if the decision has to be changed subsequently, the Administrative Council is qualified to determine the location.
  2. The National Section(s) or Region that host(s) the Congress also provide(s) the Secretariat and headquarters of the Congress. The Secretariat of the Congress is independent from the Administrative Council, but collaborates with it, in preparing for the Congress. The Secretary-General takes part in the activities of the Secretariat of the Congress.

Article XVIII. Resources

  1. The resources of the Association consist of:
    1. Annual fees from Members and contributions from Benefactor Members
    2. Contributions from National Sections, according to their means and revenue generated by legally authorised activities
    3. Grants the Association may be legally entitled to receive
  2. Acting on the advice of the Administrative Council the General Assembly sets the level of the annual membership fee for the coming year, payable into the Association’s Euro or US dollar account. This fee is collected by the National Sections from their Members, paid into one of the Association’s accounts and recorded by the Treasurer. National Sections are entitled to set a fee which is higher than that stipulated by the General Assembly and use the additional revenue thus raised, to finance their own activities.
  3. Other resources to which the Association may exceptionally be entitled must receive the approval of the President, who is answerable in this respect to the Administrative Council.

Article XIX. Financial Oversight

  1. The activities of the Association are supervised by the members of the Financial Oversight Commission, composed of at least three Members elected by the General Assembly, on the recommendation of the Administrative Council, for a renewable term of three years. All paid-up Members are eligible to serve on the Financial Oversight Commission and to propose their own candidature to the Secretary-General, in the first instance.
  2. The Financial Oversight Commission exercises its right of control by examining the accounts and records, including the Accountant’s report and supporting documents, three months before the General Assembly. It reports to the Executive Bureau on a regular basis and to the Administrative Council, which transmits the report to the General Assembly. The Commission is entitled to make proposals it considers to be in the interests of the Association.

Article XX. Regulations

  1. The administrative functions of the Association, as well as the provisions for unforeseen circumstances, are mainly covered in the Regulations issued by the Administrative Council.
  2. The Administrative Council may propose modifications to the Regulations. All such proposals must be forwarded, in writing, to all members of the Administrative Council at least two months prior to the General Assembly, at which they are to be discussed and voted upon. All modifications to the Regulations which are proposed, in this way, must be approved by the General Assembly.
  3. The General Assembly may itself also initiate proposals to modify the Regulations. In order for any such proposal to succeed, it must receive the support of two thirds of the Members who are present, and eligible to vote, on two successive occasions.
  4. Circumstances for which there is no provision in the Statutes and Regulations are settled in accordance with the legislation of the country in which the Headquarters of the Association is located.

Article XXI. Reform of the Statutes

  1. The Administrative Council may propose modifications to the Statutes. All such proposals must be forwarded, in writing, to all members of the Administrative Council at least two months prior to the General Assembly at which they are to be discussed and voted upon. All modifications to the Statutes proposed in this way must be approved by two thirds of the General Assembly.
  2. The General Assembly may also propose modifications to the existing Statutes. In order to succeed, any such proposal must receive the support of two thirds of the Members who are present and eligible to vote, on two successive occasions.
  3. The Statutes and Regulations are published on the Association’s Website in the three official languages of the Association and may be made available to Members in printed form, on demand. The published version indicates the dates of successive amendments and of their adoption.